The FARO Convention is a Council of Europe Convention which provides a framework of reference for heritage policies, particularly in the context of rights and responsibilities in this area and the positive benefits which can be drawn from the use of the heritage as cultural capital, with a view to underpinning existing Council of Europe instruments concerning more specific aspects of cultural heritage. A sound and all-embracing framework was judged necessary to ensure cultural heritage and culture in general their rightful place at the centre of a new vision for sustainable development.
The full text of the Convention is available here.
Article 1 – Aims of the Convention
The Parties to this Convention agree to:
a) recognise that rights relating to cultural heritage are inherent in the right to participate in cultural life, as defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
b) recognise individual and collective responsibility towards cultural heritage;
c) emphasise that the conservation of cultural heritage and its sustainable use have human development and quality of life as their goal;
d) take the necessary steps to apply the provisions of this Convention concerning:
- the role of cultural heritage in the construction of a peaceful and democratic society, and in the processes of sustainable development and the promotion of cultural diversity;
- greater synergy of competencies among all the public, institutional and private actors concerned.
The Convention states a number of roles and responsibilities for signatories, concerned with heritage protection, heritage ethics, and cultural rights.
An explanatory report which frames the Convention is available here.
The Council of Europe has also drawn up an action plan to assist with implementing the Convention, available on the website here.