International Criminal Law

To deal with the war crimes committed during the Balkans War in the 1990s, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was set up in 1993 to apply international humanitarian law. Included in the statutes it can prosecute are: seizure of, destruction, or wilful damage done to institutions dedicated to religion, charity and education, the arts and sciences, historic monuments and works of art and science.  More than 10 people have currently been prosecuted under this remit.

As the ICTY was established specifically to deal with the Balkans war, it was followed by the creation of an independent, permanent criminal court called the International Criminal Court (ICC).  Included in its statutes is Article 8: persons presumed to have intentionally directed attacks against civilian objects or buildings dedicated to religion, art, science, charitable purposes, and historic monuments, provided they are not military objectives, will be prosecuted by the ICC.

The website of the International Criminal Court can be found here.