Under T15. War and Conflict (F. Schipper)
The reflection and effects of Arab spring on archaeological and cultural heritage sites of Arab world
Organiser(s): Ahmed Alsherif (Sabha University / Libya)
This paper examines the impacts of Arab spring on archaeological and cultural heritage of Arab countries. Arab spring is term known by journalists that refers to a revolutionary wave of demonstration, wars, and protests, ongoing, armed and internal conflicts occurring in the Arab world that began on December 18, 2010. For instance in Libya treasure of Benghazi around 8000 bronze silver and gold coins and other artifacts from Cyrene (Shahhat), it was disappeared from the national commercial bank of Benghazi. On the other hand, Jihadists have destroyed hundreds of rival Muslim sites such as Sufi shrine in Libya to revered tombs in Syria and Iraq.
Egypt: Looters attacked many archaeological sites such as Abydos, Abu Sir, Giza, Dashur, Lisht, Saqqara, and Quntara. Thieves pilfered artifacts from Egyptian museum in Cairo.
Syria: By September 2011 the looters had hit the Seleucid city Apamea, it is located northwest of Hama, by 2015 began destruction of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in Palmyra.
Iraq: vandalizing and looting the world heritage sites of Mosul Museum, libraries, Nimrud, Nineveh, Hatra, and destroying ancient religious sites by ISIS. The paper uses distribution map of archaeological and cultural sites to determine the percentage of distraction of that sites.
Keywords: Arab spring, impacts, heritage
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