De Reims à Palmyre: le patrimoine en temps de guerre

Thursday, June 16, 2016 [2:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.]

(With apologies for using Google Translate. Original French website here)

The 1914-1918 exhibition, Heritage Goes to War, presented to the City tells a story – how the destruction of monuments was manipulated by France on behalf of an ideological war housed in the conflict – that has ‘continued throughout the twentieth century and is today a new and terrible episode.

Victims of war during the first World war, cultural property appear to have become a target destruction century material, symbolic and in fine men.

Strategies appear to have been theorized, applied.

While many actors are mobilizing against the destruction of Palmyra and many other targeted places as centers of civilization, the day of debate and testimony of 16 June will question this evolution with historians of conflict, experts of contemporary warfare, architects, archaeologists, artists and filmmakers.

14h Projection and Play: Palmyra
texts of Paul Veyne, player, Rémi Guinard

2:15 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. Round Table: Heritage as a war target, the twentieth to the twenty-first.

Participants:

  • Samir Abdulac , architect, planner, president of ICOMOS Working Group the safeguarding of cultural heritage in Syria and Iraq
  • Annette Becker, Professor at the University of Paris Ouest Nanterre, historian representations of war, adviser of Unesco
  • Julien Eche , counsel, General Staff of the armed
  • Jean-Marc Hofman , historian, curator of the exhibition “1914-1918 Heritage goes to war”
  • Sylvie Le Ray-Burimi , historian, curator Army Museum
  • Moderation, Marie-Hélène Contal

A timeline?

– from 1914 , Reims, 1933-1945: Kristallnacht, Warsaw, Coventry, Dresden ..

– 1991 – Bosnia – Dubrovnik, Mostar, Sarajevo

– 2001 – Bamyan

– 2015 – Mosul, Palmyra, Aleppo, Sanaa?

A typology

– Destroy Buildings – Mostar , Sarajevo, Bamyan, Timbuktu, Mosul Palmyra ..

– Raze cities – Warsaw, Dresden, Hiroshima

– Destroy all traces, messing up the ruins

– Disperse the fragments

An evolution of the exploitation?

– Who orchestrates this ideological war? How?
The role of photography – Photographic Service of the Armed
The role of the press
The time of Social Media

Should the destruction of Cultural Heritage be recognized as a war crime?

Projection: Extracts Destruction of Memory – Tim Slade , from the book by Robert Bevan, 2016

– Beginnings of awareness in the nineteenth

– Evolution debate since the statement of the concept of cultural genocide by Lemkin

– Update

3:30 p.m. Projection: Dresden, the fear of heights

Documentary, Christian Barani, Agora, 2012, 15 min

4:00 p.m. to 5:15 p.m. Roundtable:Rebuilding

How to keep alive the centers of civilization beyond their destruction.

Instruments and Charters that have evolved

– the role of UNESCO – 1945

– the role of ICOMOS

– 1965 – the role of charters – Athens 1930, Venice, 1964, 1994 Nara

Rebuild? For who ? How

– Re-examine the notion of heritage

– popular x Memory expertise of knowledgeable parties: listen to people

– Reconstruction and deletion

– The question and time management

Keep memory?

– Represent? For who ? Why?

– The debate on the digitization

Participants:

  • Jean-François Lagneau , architect, ACMH, president of ICOMOS France, member of the Academy of Architecture,
  • President Francesco Bandarin , architect, professor, deputy director in charge of Culture, Unesco
  • Christian Barani , videographer, co-curator Agora 2012
  • Mireille Grubert , architect, ABF, Director of the School of Chaillot, a member of the Academy of Architecture
  • Cheikmous Ali , doctor of oriental Archaeology at the University of Strasbourg, founder of the Association for the Protection of Syrian Archaeology
  • Yves Ubelmann , architect, founder of Iconem
  • Moderation, Marie-Hélène Contal

5:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. Projection: Destruction of Memory

Documentary by Tim Slade, from the book by Robert Bevan, 58 minutes, 2016

19.00 – tour of the exhibition: the Heritage goes to war, with Jean-Marc Hofman, historian, curator of the exhibition on entry to home the same day